Exodus 13:17-17:16


The Israelites are led out of Egypt by G-d.  A pillar of cloud during the day and a column of fire by night.

As they are on their journey, Pharaoh’s heart is hardened against them once again and he pursues them with all Egypt’s might.

The Israelites find themselves trapped against the bank of the Red Sea on one side and the Egyptians on the other.  Moses parts the sea, each side of the water like walls, and the Israelites pass safely through.  When the Egyptians pursue them, G-d causes the water to return to the sea and no Egyptian survives.

The Israelites sing a song of praise to G-d.

As they are traveling through the desert, the people become hungry and thirsty.  When reaching the waters of the Marah, they discovered the water was bitter.  G-d made the water sweet to drink.  Later, Moses strikes a rock with his staff, and water flows out. To satiate the hunger, each morning Manna appears on the ground, and everyone is to gather their daily portion to be eaten.  If it is not consumed, it starts to rot and become infested with worms.  In the evenings, meat is provided for them.

On Friday, they are to gather a double portion of Manna for there will be none on Saturday, the Sabbath.  Aaron preserves some Manna in a jar, a testimony for future generations.

The Israelites are attacked by the Amalekites; they are defeated by Moses’s prayers and the army Joshua formed.